To start with, the home staircase, as well as the surrounding area, should meet all building standards and codes. One example of this is the space between banisters. These must not be placed too far apart that a young child could squeeze their head through them and be injured. Each step must also be of the same height to prevent a tripping hazard. Depending on the age of your home, a building contractor should have built the home according to these standards, but some older homes may not be up to date.
Even if it is built up to code the home's staircase can still be a dangerous area. Wooden stairs, if they have been over polished, can be lethal. Loose carpeting is another hazard on stairs and could cause someone to slip. A loose or wobbly handrail can make a person lose balance and fall. If you notice any of these issues, be sure to fix them immediately.
Good lighting is also very important around a staircase, especially if there is someone with poor eyesight in the home. Make sure that each step is well lit and clearly visible.
It is not just stairs inside the home that should be checked. Outside stairs need to be in good condition with no damaged or crumbling concrete and they should have the appropriate amount of grade.